A demonstration of the ‘Direct Infusion’ of a 3m boat hull
Direct Infusion Demo
Resin Infusion (RI)
Resin infusion is the process whereby resin is drawn into a dry laminate whilst it is held under vacuum against a rigid mould by a sealed flexible membrane.
The most commonly used membrane consists of a disposable film (vacuum bag) and this film is sealed against the mould edges using a sealant tape.
Resin Inlet and venting strategies can be highly adaptable and resin flow can be influenced and accelerated by the use of disposable ‘flow media’ positioned between the vacuum membrane and the laminate.
Resin infusion is particularly relevant when making very large structures (e.g. boat hulls, wind turbine blades etc) as tooling costs are relatively low.
Unlike RTM, the ‘B’ surface finish of the resulting laminate is not controlled cosmetically but excellent laminate properties can be achieved.
Volatile emissions can also be dramatically reduced making resin infusion an excellent alternative to large-scale open moulding.
Recent developments with renewable silicone vacuum membranes have widened the scope for resin infusion and can sometimes be used to reduce the general cost of consumable materials.
As the resin infusion process has become more widespread so the need to mechanise the handling mixing and delivery of the resin has become more important.
The traditional technique of hand-mixing bulk resin becomes impractical and potentially risky when using the process on any significant scale.
Problems with mixing consistency, potential bulk-exotherm and high levels of waste can have a significant impact on the viability of the process.
A meter-mixing machine can be used to simply dispense mixed resin ‘on demand’ into a suitable container but Composite Integration have taken the technology a step further by pioneering the development of systems capable of injecting ‘directly’ into the infusion process.
Pressure sensors positioned strategically in the mould feedback to the injection machine and enable the process to be completely ‘closed’ with fully automatic quantity and flow-rate control.
The advantages of ‘directly injecting’ include:
- Process repeatability (system leads the operator through the various process stages)
- No bulk-exotherm risk (resin is mixed on-demand)
- No manual resin mixing (manual contact with liquid resin is avoided)
- Internal in-line mixing avoids air entrapment in resin
- Waste reduction (no need to fill bulk feed containers with potentially excess resin)
- Possibility to record process data
Most of the machines in the Ciject range have the capability to be used in the Direct Infusion process but Composite Integration have developed a new generation of machines specifically for large scale processing where higher volume output is needed.
The Ciject Four and Ciject Five are now used to infuse some of the largest composite structures currently in production.
Click here to view the Ciject Four
Click here to view the Ciject Five